Manufacturing PMI Ticks Down To Start 2018

The latest PMI shows manufacturing expansion slowed slightly in January, dipping by 0.2 percentage points from December after accelerating by 1.5 points the month before. Still, January's PMI was at a healthy reading of 59.1 percent.

Id 33603 Manufacturing

TEMPE, AZ — Economic activity in the manufacturing sector expanded in January, and the overall economy grew for the 105th consecutive month, say the nation's supply executives in the latest Manufacturing ISM Report On Business.

The report was issued Thursday by Timothy R. Fiore, CPSM, C.P.M., Chair of the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) Manufacturing Business Survey Committee:

  • The January PMI registered 59.1 percent, a decrease of 0.2 percentage point from the seasonally adjusted December reading of 59.3 percent
  • The New Orders Index registered 65.4 percent, a decrease of 2 percentage points from the seasonally adjusted December reading of 67.4 percent
  • The Production Index registered 64.5 percent, a 0.7 percentage point decrease compared to the seasonally adjusted December reading of 65.2 percent
  • The Employment Index registered 54.2 percent, a decrease of 3.9 percentage points from the seasonally adjusted December reading of 58.1 percent
  • The Supplier Deliveries Index registered 59.1 percent, a 1.9 percentage point increase from the seasonally adjusted December reading of 57.2 percent
  • The Inventories Index registered 52.3 percent, an increase of 3.8 percentage points from the December reading of 48.5 percent
  • The Prices Index registered 72.7 percent in January, a 4.4 percentage point increase from the December reading of 68.3 percent, indicating higher raw materials prices for the 23rd consecutive month

Comments from the panel reflect expanding business conditions, with new orders and production maintaining high levels of expansion; employment expanding at a slower rate; order backlogs expanding at a faster rate; and export orders and imports continuing to grow faster in January. Supplier deliveries continued to slow (improving) at a faster rate. Price increases occurred across all industry sectors. The Customers’ Inventories Index indicates levels are still too low. Capital expenditure lead times increased 8 percent during the month of January."

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, 14 reported growth in January in the following order: Textile Mills; Fabricated Metal Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Primary Metals; Machinery; Transportation Equipment; Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Chemical Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Paper Products; Petroleum & Coal Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products. Four industries reported contraction during the period: Printing & Related Support Activities; Wood Products; Furniture & Related Products; and Nonmetallic Mineral Products.

January 2018



PMI® 59.1 59.3 -0.2 Growing Slower 17
New Orders 65.4 67.4 -2.0 Growing Slower 25
Production 64.5 65.2 -0.7 Growing Slower 17
Employment 54.2 58.1 -3.9 Growing Slower 16
Supplier Deliveries 59.1 57.2 +1.9 Slowing Faster 16
Inventories 52.3 48.5 +3.8 Growing From Contracting 1
Customers' Inventories 45.6 42.9 +2.7 Too Low Slower 16
Prices 72.7 68.3 +4.4 Increasing Faster 23
Backlog of Orders 56.2 54.9 +1.3 Growing Faster 12
New Export Orders 59.8 57.6 +2.2 Growing Faster 23
Imports 58.4 56.5 +1.9 Growing Faster 12
OVERALL ECONOMY Growing Slower 105
Manufacturing Sector Growing Slower 17

Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® data is seasonally adjusted for the New Orders, Production, Employment and Supplier Deliveries Indexes.

*Number of months moving in current direction.

Indexes reflect newly released seasonal adjustment factors.

Month PMI®
January 2018 59.1
December 2017 59.3
November 2017 58.2
October 2017 58.7
September 2017 60.8
August 2017 58.8
July 2017 56.3
June 2017 57.8
May 2017 54.9
April 2017 54.8
March 2017 57.2
February 2017 57.7
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