Omaha, NE - Werner Enterprises, Inc., one of the nation's largest transportation and logistics companies, reported revenues and earnings for the first quarter ended March 31, 2014.
Summarized financial results for first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013 are as follows (dollars in thousands, except per share data):
|Three Months Ended|
|Trucking revenues, net of fuel surcharge||311,522||313,400||(1||)%|
|Value Added Services (“VAS”) revenues||85,154||82,510||3|
|Earnings per diluted share||0.20||0.24||(17||)%|
First quarter 2014 freight demand (as measured by the daily morning ratio of loads to trucks in our One-Way Truckload network) showed the strongest first quarter performance in 10 years. A combination of several factors contributed to the demand strength, including (1) the early timing of the 2014 Chinese New Year, (2) relatively lean retail customer inventory levels following the fourth quarter 2013 holiday season, (3) multiple severe winter storms that created a backlog of truckload freight shipments and also caused some severely delayed intermodal freight shipments to shift to truckload, (4) the preamble of a strong December 2013 freight market and (5) a tightening of truck capacity due to increasing trucking company failures, an extremely challenging driver market, expensive new trucks and increasing federal safety regulations. Excluding the first three non-recurring factors listed, we are seeing a meaningful improvement in our freight demand, which we believe is a longer-term shift in market dynamics.
Average revenues per total mile, net of fuel surcharge, rose 3.1% in first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013. This is due to a combination of increased rates with some existing customers, new customer business, surcharges for capacity creation and higher transactional spot market rates in the One-Way Truckload fleet. We are in the process of negotiating rate increases with many customers during the traditionally substantial spring bid season. Market responsiveness to the collective capacity and service challenges facing the industry has been very favorable, as our strategic customers want to ensure we are providing sustainable transportation solutions across all modes.
During first quarter 2014, we continued to increase our emphasis on minimizing empty miles and maximizing utilization in our One-Way Truckload fleet. We improved our total company empty mile percentage 106 basis points in first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013. Average monthly miles per truck declined 1.5% in first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013; however, truck miles were hampered in first quarter 2014 by several severe winter storms, during which we chose safety over productivity. We were encouraged by mileage trends as the current quarter progressed and the weather issues began to subside in March. Total miles during first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013 declined 6.6% in January, declined 5.8% in February and increased 1.5% in March. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's revised driver hours of service ("HOS”) rules became effective July 1, 2013. Among the changes were more restrictive requirements covering driver use of the 34-hour restart rule and a new mandatory 30-minute rest period after 8 hours on duty. We believe that these HOS changes negatively impacted miles per truck by two to three percent. We continue to work closely with customers and drivers to minimize the impact of these changes and obtain adequate rate relief. In addition to the HOS changes, truck mix changes (more Specialized Services, less One-Way Truckload) also affected truck utilization.
Harsh winter weather in first quarter 2014 also caused higher expenses in several categories. As we noted in our Form 10-K filing on February 25, 2014, severe snow, ice and cold weather in multiple geographic regions caused a significant increase in costs in January and February 2014 in the areas of operating supplies and maintenance, insurance and claims, fuel (due to increased truck idling) and the impact of higher fixed costs per mile due to lower miles per truck.
We continue to diversify our business model with the goal of achieving a balanced portfolio of revenues comprised of One-Way Truckload (which includes the short-haul Regional, medium-to-long-haul Van and Expedited fleets), Specialized Services and Logistics (VAS). In first quarter 2014, we averaged 7,004 trucks in service in the Truckload segment and 47 intermodal drayage trucks in the VAS segment. We ended the quarter with 7,080 trucks in the Truckload segment and 45 intermodal drayage trucks in the VAS segment. Our Specialized Services unit, primarily Dedicated, ended the quarter with 3,525 trucks (or 50% of our total Truckload segment fleet).
Diesel fuel prices were 4 cents per gallon lower in first quarter 2014 than in first quarter 2013 and were 9 cents per gallon higher than in fourth quarter 2013. For the first 21 days of April 2014, the average diesel fuel price per gallon was 6 cents higher than the average diesel fuel price per gallon in the same period of 2013 and 10 cents higher than in second quarter 2013. When fuel prices rise rapidly, a negative earnings lag occurs because the cost of fuel rises immediately and the market indexes used to determine fuel surcharges increase at a slower pace. In a period of declining fuel prices, we generally experience a temporary favorable earnings effect because fuel costs decline at a faster pace than the market indexes used to determine fuel surcharges. Diesel fuel prices declined in second quarter 2013 from first quarter 2013 which caused a two cent per company mile reduction in net fuel costs in second quarter 2013 compared to first quarter 2013. The components of the Company's total fuel cost consist of and are recorded in our income statement as follows: (i) Fuel (fuel expense for company trucks excluding federal and state fuel taxes); (ii) Taxes and Licenses (federal and state fuel taxes); and (iii) Rent and Purchased Transportation (fuel component of our independent contractor costs, including the base cost of fuel and additional fuel surcharge reimbursement for costs exceeding the fuel base).
Capacity in our industry remains constrained by economic and safety regulatory factors. Following the 2008 recession, class 8 truck builds have been low, resulting in an industry average truck age that remains historically high at 6.5 years. It is very difficult for many smaller and medium size private carriers to replace their older, lower-value trucks with much higher cost, EPA-compliant new trucks, which significantly reduces the risk of trucks being added to the market. We reduced the average age of our much younger truck fleet by half a year during 2011 and 2012, with net capital expenditures totaling $457 million during that two-year period. The significantly higher cost of new trucks and resulting higher depreciation expense and related diesel exhaust fluid costs is not being recovered through a single year customer rate review cycle. We continue to invest in equipment solutions including more aerodynamic truck features, idle reduction systems, tire inflation systems and trailer skirts to improve the mile per gallon efficiency of our fleet. Net capital expenditures in first quarter 2014 were $16 million. We estimate net capital expenditures for the year 2014 to be in the range of $150 to $200 million. The average age of our truck fleet as of March 31, 2014, was 2.5 years, and our goal for year end 2014 is an average truck age in the range of 2.3 years to 2.5 years. We remain committed to investing in a best in class fleet for the benefit of our customers, our drivers and the Werner brand.
The driver recruiting and retention market remained extremely challenging during first quarter 2014. Significant difficult factors included a declining number of, and increased competition for, driver training school graduates, a gradually declining national unemployment rate, and increased job competition from the strengthening housing construction and hydraulic fracturing markets. We expect the driver market to become more problematic as the year progresses.
Gains on sales of assets were $4.6 million in first quarter 2014. This compares to gains on sales of assets of $3.5 million in first quarter 2013 and $3.7 million in fourth quarter 2013, which included a $0.7 million gain from the sale of real estate. In first quarter 2014, we realized lower average gains per truck and sold more trucks and trailers compared to first quarter 2013. Gains on sales of assets are reflected as a reduction of Other Operating Expenses in our income statement.
To provide shippers with additional sources of managed capacity and network analysis, we continue to develop our non-asset-based VAS segment. VAS includes Brokerage, Freight Management, Intermodal and Werner Global Logistics (International).
|Three Months Ended|
Value Added Services (amounts in thousands)
|Rent and purchased transportation expense||72,554||85.2||69,197||83.9|
|Other operating expenses||10,745||12.6||9,700||11.7|
In first quarter 2014, VAS revenues increased $2.6 million or 3%, and operating income dollars decreased $1.8 million or 49%, compared to first quarter 2013. The increase in VAS revenues was due primarily to an increase in the number of Brokerage shipments. Operating income was impacted by a lower gross margin percentage for contractual business due to higher third party carrier costs as capacity tightened during first quarter 2014 compared to first quarter 2013.
Comparisons of the operating ratios for the Truckload segment (net of fuel surcharge revenues of $87.0 million and $91.6 million in first quarters 2014 and 2013, respectively) and the VAS segment are shown below.
|Three Months Ended|
|Truckload Transportation Services||93.4%||92.6%||0.8%|
|Value Added Services||97.8%||95.6%||2.2%|
Fluctuating fuel prices and fuel surcharge collections impact the total company operating ratio and the Truckload segment's operating ratio when fuel surcharges are reported on a gross basis as revenues versus netting against fuel expenses. Eliminating fuel surcharge revenues, which are generally a more volatile source of revenue, provides a more consistent basis for comparing the results of operations from period to period. The Truckload segment's operating ratios for first quarter 2014 and first quarter 2013 are 94.8% and 94.2%, respectively, when fuel surcharge revenues are reported as revenues instead of a reduction of operating expenses.
Our financial position remains strong. As of March 31, 2014, we had $40.0 million of debt outstanding and $775.0 million of stockholders' equity. During first quarter 2014, the Company purchased 500,000 shares of its common stock for a total cost of $12.9 million.
During first quarter 2014, the Company was pleased to once again be recognized by Forbes magazine on the 2014 list of America’s Most Trustworthy Companies. This award recognizes companies that consistently display accounting transparency and integrity, have a low occurrence of high risk events, and have appropriate board supervision and corporate accounting and management practices.
|(In thousands, except per share amounts)|
|Three Months Ended|
|Salaries, wages and benefits||134,713||27.4||133,105||27.0|
|Supplies and maintenance||45,854||9.3||43,128||8.8|
|Taxes and licenses||20,832||4.2||21,624||4.4|
|Insurance and claims||20,206||4.1||19,801||4.0|
|Rent and purchased transportation||111,646||22.7||106,318||21.6|
|Communications and utilities||3,499||0.7||3,142||0.6|
Total operating expenses
|Other expense (income):|
|Total other expense (income)||(557||)||(0.1||)||(371||)||(0.1||)|
|Income before income taxes||23,998||4.9||29,064||5.9|
|Diluted shares outstanding||73,169||73,782|
|Diluted earnings per share||$||0.20||$||0.24|
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